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Moses’s Pharaoh …& Dr.Maurice Bucaille…& Islam July 18, 2008

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When the late French President Francisco Mitra took over in France 1981, France requested from Egypt in the late eighties to host mummy of Pharaoh to conduct Archaeological tests and examinations..


.. At the Plane staircase French President, his ministers and senior French officials was lined up and bend while receiving Pharaoh


When Pharaoh’s royal reception ceremonies on the land of France ended, the mummy carried in parade not less majesty than the reception to a special ward in the French Archaeological centre where the top Surgeons and autopsies in France start to study the mummy and discover it’s secrets.

 The chief surgeon and in charge of the study on this mummy is Professor Maurice Bucaille.


Therapists interested in renovating the mummy, While the attention of Dr. Maurice is an attempt to discover how this Pharaonic king died, in late hours of the night the final results appeared.

.. the salt Remnants in his body
was the biggest evidence that he died drowning, and his body was extracted from the sea after drowning immediately, Then quickly they carried an Embalming process of the body in order to preserve it.


But there was a matter Puzzled him which is How this body remained safer than others mummies although it was extracted from the sea!!!


Dr. Maurice was Preparing a Final report which he believed

 It is a new discovery until someone whispered in his ear, saying: do not rush Muslims talking about the sink of this mummy.


But he strongly denounced this news and find it odd, such a discovery Can not be known away of the evolution of modern science and help of most advance computer devices.


Someone told him that there “Quran” who they believe in tells a story about his drowning and body preservation after that, Dr. Maurice get more astonished and he start questioning… how this happened??? If this mummy been detected only in 1898 before two hundred year ago, while Quran is available before one thousand and four hundred years?

 How it fit in mind while all mankind, not only Arabs did not know anything about the ancient Egyptians mummification of pharaoh’s corpses before a few decades of time?


Dr.Maurice Bucaille sat that night, staring on body of Pharaoh thinking carefully about what his college have whispered to him that the Muslim Quran speaks about the survival of this body after drowning !!!

While the Bible talks about the sinking of Pharaoh in his pursuit of prophet Mousses (Peace be upon him) without being subjected to the fate of his body .. And he says to himself: Is it conceivable that his mummy is for Pharaoh, who was chasing Moses? Is it conceivable that Mohammed knows this more than a thousand years?


Dr.Maurice was unable to sleep, and asked them to bring him the Torah, He went to read..
Torah saying: water Return and covered the vehicles and all Pharaoh Army Knights who entered the sea behind and no one survived.

Dr.Maurice Bucaille remained puzzled.. even the Bible did not talk about the survival of this body and its preservation.


After the Pharaoh’s body was treated and renovated the mummy returned to Egypt, but Dr.Maurice mind and conscience was restless since the shocking news that Muslims knows about this body,

He belt HIS baggage and decided to travel to Muslims country
to interview a number of Muslim Scholars autopsy.


There he made the first talk with them about what he discovered that Pharaoh’s body preservation after
Drowning .. So, someone of them opened Quran and he read him as Almighty saying:


(“This day shall We save thee in the body, that thou mayest be a sign to those who come after thee! but verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Signs!”)

Jonah [10:92]
he deeply influenced by the verse .. And strongly shake that made him stand in front of attendance and shout loudest voice: I have entered Islam and I believe on this Quran.


Dr.Maurice Bucaille returned to France in a deferent condition, than he went with .. There he stayed ten years does not have job but conformity of The newly discovered scientific facts
with the Holy Quran, and the search for a single scientific contradiction
in Holy Quran, Then he outcome of meaning Holy Quran Speaks:


(No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it: It is sent down by One Full of Wisdom, Worthy of all Praise.) Fussilat [41:42]


The fruit of those years Dr. Maurice spent came out when he authored a book about Quran that
shook the entire Western States scientists, the title of the book:
, what did this book do?


From the first edition it has run out of all the libraries and then reprinted hundreds of thousands
after it had been translated from the original language to Arabic, English, Indonesian, Farsi, Urdu, Turkish, and German etc…
Then spreads to all libraries in the East and West


Part ||           part |||         part |V       part V         part V|         part V||


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Virgin Mary ( Peace Be Upon her) May 17, 2008

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According to the historical sources, Mary was born at a time when the chaos mentioned earlier in the book was happening, when Roman oppression was real, and the Jews were impatiently awaiting the Messiah’s arrival. She was a descendent of `Imran, whose family had been made superior by God (Qur’an, 3:33).

 God chose her from among them, purified her, and placed her above all other women, for as the Qur’an reveals:


And when the angels said: “Mary, God has chosen you and purified you. He has chosen you over all other women. Mary, obey your Lord and prostrate and bow with those who bow.” (Qur’an, 3:42-43)

One of Giovanni Bellini’s masterworks depicting Mary (1481) on display in the Frari church.

The family of `Imran was known to believe in God, to seek His good pleasure in whatever they do, and to always respect the limits that He has established. When Imran’s wife learned of her pregnancy, she immediately turned to God in prayer and dedicated her unborn child to God. It is a sign of her true submission to God that she named her child Maryam (Mary in English), meaning “someone who is always worshipping God.” This subject is revealed in the Qur’an:


Remember when the wife of ‘Imran said: “My Lord, I have pledged to You what is in my womb, consecrated [for Your service]. Please accept my prayer. You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” When she gave birth, she said: “My Lord! I have given birth to a girl”-and God knew very well what she had given birth to, male and female are not the same-“and I have named her Mary and placed her and her children in Your safekeeping from the accursed Satan.” (Qur’an, 3:35-36)

God reveals that Mary’s mother dedicated her to God, “consecrated for His service.” The Arabic word used here, i.e., muharraran, means “one who is wholly preoccupied with the Hereafter, who has no business with the world, who worships God at all times, who is in the service of the House of God, who is sincere in his or her worship and, who has no worldly intentions in his or her worship.” Imran’s wife asked God to allow Mary to serve only Him, and for her to become totally devoted to His good pleasure rather than other people’s.


When Mary was born, Imran’s wife asked God to protect Mary and her descendents from the evil of Satan. God answered her sincere prayer and gave Mary a superior morality. The Qur’an reveals how carefully Mary was raised under God’s protection:


Her Lord accepted her with approval and made her grow in health and beauty. And Zechariah became her guardian. (Qur’an, 3:37)

A view of the Sea of Galilee

O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His apostles. Say not “Trinity” : desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah. Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs. (Qur’an, 4:171)

God states that Zechariah was a righteous servant who was favored over all beings, and one guided to a straight path as a Prophet. God praises him in the Qur’an and points out his impeccable character (Qur’an, 6:85-87). Zechariah, who took on the responsibility of caring for Mary and thus witnessed many of her miracles, realized that she was God’s chosen one.


For instance, whenever Zechariah entered the presence of Mary, who always worshipped by herself, he found food with her. The Qur’an says:


Every time Zechariah visited her in the praying chamber, he found food with her. He said: “Mary, how did you come by this?” She said: “It is from God. God provides for whoever He wills without any reckoning.” (Qur’an, 3:37)

Mary became well known in her community as a member of her family who was dedicated wholeheartedly to God. The Qur’an speaks of her chastity in particular, as follows:


And Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity-We breathed Our Spirit into her, and she confirmed the Words of her Lord and His Book and was one of the obedient. (Qur’an, 66:12)

Mary’s Encounter with Gabriel

Mary’s life was full of miracles, one of which was her encounter with Gabriel. At a particular stage in her life, Mary left her community and family and secluded herself somewhere in the east. There, the Qur’an mentions that Gabriel appeared to her in the form of a man:


Mention Mary in the Book, how she withdrew from her people to an eastern place and veiled herself from them. Then We sent Our Spirit to her, and it took on for her the form of a handsome, well-built man. She [Mary] said: “I seek refuge from you with the All-Merciful if you guard against evil.” (Qur’an, 19:16-18)

Van de Velde’s (1851-52) Nazareth water painting, Victoria and Albert Museum, London.












And We sent Jesus son of Mary following in their footsteps, confirming the Torah that came before him. We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light confirming the Torah that came before it, and as guidance and admonition for those who guard against evil. (Qur’an, 5: 46)




At first, she did not know that the unknown person was Gabriel. Thus, she immediately sought refuge with God when he approached and said that she was a God-fearing believer. Her words make it clear that she was a God-fearing and chaste servant. Gabriel introduced himself by stating that he was sent by God to give her the following good news:


He said [to Mary]: “I am only your Lord’s messenger so that He can give you a pure boy.” (Qur’an, 19:19)

When the angels said: “Mary, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, of high esteem in this world and the Hereafter, one of those brought near.” (Qur’an, 3:45)

Mary received this important news and asked Gabriel how she could have a child while she was still a virgin:


She said: “How can I have a boy when no man has touched me and I am not an unchaste woman?” He said: “It will be so, for your Lord says: ‘That is easy for Me. It is so that We can make him a Sign for mankind and a mercy from Us.’ It is a matter already decreed.” So she conceived him and withdrew with him to a distant place. (Qur’an, 19:20-22)

She said: “My Lord, how can I have a son when no man has yet touched me?” He said: “It will be so.” God creates whatever He wills. When He decides on something, He just says to it “Be!” and it is. (Qur’an, 3:47)

Gabriel replied that God has the power to do anything and that He needs only to say “Be!” and it is. This is how Mary conceived Jesus-by the will of God and without ever being touched by a man. Her pregnancy was created independent of the worldly order in a miraculous way. As our Lord reveals, after receiving this good news, Mary withdrew to somewhere quiet. God supported her during that time in every way and provided all that a pregnant woman could wish for psychologically as well as materially. He made her withdraw from her people, who would not have been able to comprehend her situation, and thereby prevented the physical or spiritual damage that they could have caused her.



In the Qur’an, God draws the attention to the fact that Jesus was unique in every respect. First of all, he was born without a father. Through His angels, God revealed to Mary before Jesus’ birth that her son would be the Messiah and have many other God-given qualities as well. In fact, Jesus had the honor of being called “God’s Word”:


( A voice called out to Mary:)
Shake the trunk of the palm toward you and fresh, ripe dates will drop down onto you. Eat and drink and delight your eyes…” (Qur’an, 19:25-26)

The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only the Messenger of God and His Word, which He cast into Mary, and a Spirit from Him. (Qur’an, 4:171)

When the angels said: “Mary, your Lord gives you good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, of high esteem in this world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near.” (Qur’an, 3:45)

In the Qur’an, the expression “God’s Word” is only used for Jesus. God revealed his name before his birth and named him “Messiah Jesus,” as a Word from Him. This is another sign that Jesus’ creation differs from that of all other people.


God sustained Mary in the best way during her pregnancy and Jesus’ birth, and also guided her. He made the environmental conditions favorable for her, for since she had removed herself from her family and community, she was all alone. With the help of God, Mary managed this difficult situation by herself and gave birth to her son without any complications. God reveals His grace for Mary in the following verses:


And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for all peoples. (Qur’an, 21:91)

The pains of labor drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She exclaimed: “Oh if only I had died before this time and was something discarded and forgotten!” A voice called out to her from under her: “Do not grieve. Your Lord has placed a small stream at your feet. Shake the trunk of the palm toward you, and fresh, ripe dates will drop down to you. Eat and drink and delight your eyes. If you should see anyone at all, just say: ‘I have made a vow of abstinence to the All-Merciful, and today I will not speak to any human being.'” (Qur’an, 19:23-26)

As the verses tell, God helped Mary with revelation and told her not to lose heart. He revealed to her everything that she needed to know, and ensured that she would have an easy birth. God’s grace and protection for her are shown in this event.


When Mary returned to her people together with Jesus, her people slandered her with ugly accusations based on speculation, even though they knew her and her dedication, as well as that of her family, to God, and her chastity. The circumstances of Jesus’ birth are, in reality, a miracle that God granted to Mary’s people and proof of His existence. However, her people failed to understand this, and so made unfounded allegations against her and tried to make their slander stick:


A Peter Paul Rubens oil painting (1624) depicting people paying their respects to Mary following the birth of Jesus. Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, Belgium.

She brought him to her people, carrying him. They exclaimed: “Mary! You have done an unthinkable thing! Sister of Aaron, your father was not an evil man nor was your mother an unchaste woman!” (Qur’an, 19:27-28)

In reality, Mary was being tried with these ugly allegations. For such a devout and chaste person to be slandered in this way is a test from God. When confronted this situation, she turned to God and placed her trust in Him, knowing that He would help her against her people’s accusations. She sought only His help and support and received His favor and mercy.


God helped His chosen servant in her time of trouble with another miracle: He revealed to her that she should not speak when her people wanted her to, but to point to Jesus when they accuse her. The Qur’an reveals this order in the following way:


“If you should see anyone at all, just say: ‘I have made a vow of abstinence to the All-Merciful, and today I will not speak to any human being’.” (Qur’an, 19:26)

When God gave her the good news of Jesus’ birth, He also revealed that Jesus would speak as a baby in the cradle. This miracle became a big help for Mary from the Lord:


Lorenzo Lotto’s (1505-06) painting depicting Mary and the Disciples. This work is on display at the Church of Santa Cristina near Treviso, Italy.

He will speak to people in the cradle, and also when fully grown, and will be one of the righteous.” (Qur’an, 3:46)

In a miraculous way, God made Jesus give the explanation that was expected of Mary. By this miracle, He restored her good reputation and informed the Children of Israel of Jesus’ appointment as His Messenger to them:


She pointed toward him. They asked: “How can a baby in the cradle speak?” He [Jesus] said: “I am the servant of God. He has given me the Book and made me a Prophet. He has made me blessed wherever I am, [has] directed me to perform prayer and give alms as long as I live, and to show devotion to my mother. He has not made me insolent or arrogant. Peace be upon me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day I am raised up again alive.” (Qur’an, 19:29-33)

Jesus declares that he is God’s servant, that he has been given revelation, that he is a Prophet expected to call to faith when he reaches adulthood, that he must perform the prescribed prayers (salat) and give alms (zakat), that he must respect his mother’s word, and that he will die and be resurrected on the Day of Judgment.


This situation proved to the Children of Israel that they had encountered an extraordinary event: the birth of the Messiah for whom they had been waiting. God reveals:


… and she [Mary], who protected her chastity. We breathed into her some of Our Spirit and made her and her son a Sign for all the worlds. (Qur’an, 21:91)

The verses also reveal that those people who continue to slander Mary will be punished (Qur’an, 4:156-57).

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The kings of Egypt-known as “Pharaohs” (or “Fir’awn” in the Arabic of the Qur’an)-regarded themselves as divine in the polytheistic, superstitious religion of ancient Egypt. At a time when the people of Egypt favoured a superstitious belief system over a divine belief system-the same era in which when the Children of Israel were enslaved-Allah sent the Prophet Musa (as) as a messenger to the tribe of Egypt.

However, Pharaoh and his court, and the people of Egypt in general, almost universally refused to abandon their idolatrous beliefs when the Prophet Musa (as) called them to divine religion and the Oneness of Allah. The Prophet Musa (as) revealed to Pharaoh and his courtiers that they should avoid false worship, warning them of Allah’s wrath. In response to this, they rose up and slandered the Prophet Musa (as): They accused him of being mad, of being a sorcerer and of falsehood. Pharaoh and his people refused to submit to the Prophet Musa (as) even though many troubles were visited upon them. They refused to accept Allah as the only God. They even held the Prophet Musa (as) responsible for what had befallen them and sought to exile him from Egypt. In the Qur’an, Allah makes this reference to the Prophet Musa (as) and the believers with him:


We revealed to Musa: “Travel with Our servants by night. You will certainly be pursued.” Pharaoh sent marshals into the cities: “These people are a small group and we find them irritating and we constitute a vigilant majority.” We expelled them from gardens and springs, from treasures and a splendid situation. So it was! And We bequeathed them to the tribe of Israel. So they pursued them towards the east. (Qur’an, 26:52-60)

The map shows the route taken by the Prophet Musa (as) after leaving Egypt and the estimated location of the site where the sea divided.The diagram shows the shallow and deeper areas. It is at this point that the Sinai Peninsula and Arabia approach each other most closely.




As revealed in the Qur’an, the two communities met at the edge of the sea following this pursuit. Allah divided the sea and saved the Prophet Musa (as) and the believers with him, destroying Pharaoh and his people. This aid from Allah is revealed thus:


So We revealed to Musa, “Strike the sea with your staff.” And it split in two, each part like a towering cliff. And We brought the others right up to it. We rescued Musa and all those who were with him. Then We drowned the rest. There is certainly a Sign in that yet most of them are not believers. Truly your Lord is the Almighty, the Most Merciful. (Qur’an, 26:63-68)

In connection with this subject, the following account has recently been found in papyruses from the time of Pharaoh:

From Amenamoni, head of the protective books of the white room of the palace, to the scribe Penterhor:

When this letter reaches you and has been read point by point, surrender your heart to the sharpest pain, like a leaf before the storm, when you learn of the sorrowful disaster of the drowning in the whirlpool…

Calamity struck him suddenly and inescapably. Depict the destruction of the lords, the lord of the tribes, the king of the east and the west. The sleep in the waters has made something helpless out of something great. What news can compare to the news I have sent you?202


This miracle, experienced by the Prophet Musa (as) and the Children of Israel as they crossed the Red Sea, has been the subject of many studies. Archaeological investigations have established not only the path taken to the Red Sea after leaving Egypt, but also that the place where Pharaoh and the Prophet Musa (as) and his tribe met was one surrounded by mountains. (Allah knows best.)


The mountain known as Jabal-al Musa is generally regarded as being in the Sinai Peninsula. However, recent findings have shown that it is actually on the Arabian shore of the Red Sea.

Following a long and difficult journey for the Prophet Musa (as) and the Israelites, a passage out between the mountains could be seen.

That part of the Sinai Peninsula opening onto the Gulf.

Following a great deal of study and investigation taking this as the starting point, scientists came to striking conclusions with regard to how the sea was divided into two. These conclusions are in full agreement with those revealed in the Qur’an. The way that historical events described in the Qur’an are today illuminated by historical records is without doubt an important miracle of the book of Islam.


Pharaoh’s royal chariot is on display in a museum in Egypt. A similar example was found during excavations in the location where the sea divided.

Naum Volzinger and Alexei Androsov, two Russian mathematicians, proved that the Prophet Musa (as) could indeed have parted the sea. Unlike those scientists who concentrated on the probability of such a miracle, the Russian mathematicians investigated the conditions that might have led to the miracle. In turn, this led to the confirmation of the miracle itself.


According to the study which was published in the Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences, there was a reef, which was close to the surface in the Red Sea at that time. From there, the scientists set about establishing the speed of the wind and the strength of the storm needed to leave the reef high and dry at low tide. As a result, it became apparent that a wind speed of 30 metres per second would have caused the sea to retract, leaving the reef exposed. Naum Volzinger, of the Institute of Oceanography of the Russian Academy of Sciences, stated that “if the [east] wind blew all night at a speed of 30 metres per second then the reef would be dry.” He also said that “it would take the Jews-there were 600,000 of them-four hours to cross the 7 kilometre reef that runs from one coast to another… then, in half an hour, the waters would come back.”203 In addition, Volzinger said that he and his colleague Androsov studied the issue strictly from Isaac Newton’s point of view. As he put it, “I am convinced that God rules the Earth through the laws of physics.”204



It must not be forgotten that there is always a possibility of this natural phenomenon taking place. If Allah so desires, this miracle can take place again when the requisite conditions-such as windspeed, time and place-are met. However, the truly miraculous aspect here is the fact that these events took place just when the Prophet Musa (as) and his tribe were about to be vanquished. The fact that the waters withdrew just as the Prophet Musa (as) and the community with him were about to cross them-not to mention the way that the waters returned just as Pharaoh and his army were crossing-is a clear example of the aid that Allah gives to the faithful. Indeed, the way that the Prophet Musa (as) relied on and trusted in Allah is an example of the most pleasing moral values:


And when the two hosts came into sight of one another Musa’s companions said, “We will surely be overtaken!” He said, “Never! My Lord is with me and He will guide me.” (Qur’an, 26:61-62)

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The people of Thamud are a tribe mentioned in the Qur’an about whom a substantial amount is known. Historical sources confirm that a people known as the Thamud existed many years ago. It is believed that the people of al-Hijr referred to in the Qur’an are actually the same people as Thamud, because another name for Thamud is “Ashab al-Hijr.” That being the case, the word “Thamud” may be the name of a people and al-Hijr one of the cities they founded. In fact, this is exactly what is suggested by the descriptions of the Greek geographer Pliny, who wrote that Thamud lived in places called Domotha and Hegra, the present-day city of Hijr.236

The oldest known historical source to refer to Thamud are the Babylonian state records. They relate the details of the victory of King Sargon II of Babylon over that people in the 8th century B.C. Sargon defeated them in a war in Northern Arabia. The Greeks also mention this people and Aristotle, Ptolemy and Pliny refer to them as the “Thamudaei” i.e. “Thamud.”237 All trace of them vanished before the time of our Prophet (saas) in around 400-600.

The well-known ruins of Petra in Jordan

The people of al-Hijr denied the Messengers. We brought them Our Signs but they turned away from them. They carved out houses from the mountains, feeling safe, but the Great Blast seized hold of them in the morning, so all that they earned was of no use to them.
(Qur’an, 15:80-84)

Today, one can see the finest examples of these peoples’ stonework in the Rum Valley in Jordan, better known as Petra. Indeed, the Qur’an refers to their expertise in stonework thus:

[Salih said to his people,] “Remember when He appointed you successors to ‘Ad and settled you in the land. You built palaces on its plains and carved out houses from the mountains. Remember Allah’s blessings and do not go about the earth, corrupting it.” (Qur’an, 7:74)

The people of al-Hijr denied the Messengers. We brought them Our Signs but they turned away from them. They carved out houses from the mountains, feeling safe, but the Great Blast seized hold of them in the morning, so all that they earned was of no use to them. (Qur’an, 15:80-84)

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Many centuries ago, the community of Saba was one of the four biggest civilisations which lived in South Arabia.

Ruins of the Temple of Ma’rib

Historical sources relating to Saba usually say that this was a culture akin to that of the Phoenicians. It was particularly involved in commercial activities. The Sabaeans are recognised by historians as a civilised and cultured people. In the inscriptions of the rulers of Saba, words such as “restore,” “dedicate” and “construct” are frequently used. The Ma’rib Dam, which is one of the most important monuments of this people, is an important indication of the technological level this people had reached.

The Sabaean state had one of the strongest armies in the region and was able to adopt an expansionist policy thanks to its potent army. With its advanced culture and army, the Sabaean state was without question one of the “super powers” of the region at the time. This extraordinarily strong army of the Sabaean state is also described in the Qur’an. An expression of the commanders of the Saba army related in the Qur’an, shows the extent of the confidence this army had in itself. The commanders call out to the female ruler (Queen) of the state:

“We possess strength and we possess great force. But the matter is in your hands so consider what you command.” (Qur’an, 27:33)

Because of the Ma’rib Dam which had been constructed, with the help of quite advanced technology for that particular era, the people of Saba possessed an enormous irrigation capacity. The fertile soil they acquired by virtue of this technique and their control over the trade route permitted them a splendid lifestyle, full of well-being. However, instead of giving thanks to Allah for all this, the Qur’an informs us that they actually “turned away from Him.” Furthermore, they refused to heed the warnings and reminders issued to them. Because of these poor moral values, they merited punishment in the sight of Allah and their dams collapsed and the flood of Arim ruined all their lands.

The Ma’rib Dam (shown in the pictures above and to the side) was one of the major works of the people of Saba. The dam collapsed in the flood of Arim, mentioned in the Qur’an, and the Sabaean state was weakened economically and eventually collapsed.

The capital city of the Sabaean state was Ma’rib, which was extremely wealthy thanks to its advantageous geographical position. The capital city was very close to the River Adhanah. The point where the river reached Jabal Balaq was very suitable for the construction of a dam. Making use of this condition, the Sabaean people constructed a dam at this location at the time when their civilisation was first established, and they began irrigation. As a result, they reached a very high level of economic prosperity. The capital city, Ma’rib, was one of the most developed cities of the time. The Greek writer Pliny, who had visited the region and greatly praised it, also mentioned how green this region was.232

The height of the dam in Ma’rib was 16 metres, its width was 60 metres and its length was 620 metres. According to the calculations, the total area that could be irrigated by the dam was 9,600 hectares, of which 5,300 hectares belonged to the southern plain. The remaining part belonged to the northern plain. These two plains were referred to as “Ma’rib and two plains” in the Sabaean inscriptions.233 The expression in the Qur’an, “two gardens to the right and to the left,” points to the imposing gardens and vineyards in these two valleys. Thanks to this dam and its irrigation systems, the region became famous as the best irrigated and most fruitful area of Yemen. The Frenchman J. Holevy and the Austrian Glaser proved from written documents that the Ma’rib dam existed since ancient times. In documents written in the Himer dialect, it is related that this dam rendered the territory very productive and was the heartbeat of the economy.

The dam that collapsed in 542 led to the flood of Arim and caused enormous damage. The vineyards, orchards and fields cultivated for hundreds of years by the people of Saba were completely destroyed. Following the collapse of the dam, the people of Saba appear to have entered a period of rapid contraction, at the end of which the Sabaean state came to an end.

When we examine the Qur’an in the light of the historical data above, we observe that there is very substantial agreement here. Archaeological findings and the historical data both verify what is recorded in the Qur’an. As mentioned in the verse, these people, who did not listen to the exhortations of their Prophet and who rejected faith, were in the end punished with a dreadful flood. This flood is described in the Qur’an in the following verses:

There was, for Saba, aforetime, a Sign in their home-land-two Gardens to the right and to the left. “Eat of the Sustenance [provided] by your Lord, and be grateful to Him: a territory fair and happy, and a Lord Oft-Forgiving!” But they turned away [from Allah], and We sent against them the Flood [released] from the dams, and We converted their two garden [rows] into “gardens” producing bitter fruit, and tamarisks, and some few [stunted] Lote-trees. That was the Requital We gave them because they ungratefully rejected Faith: And never do We give [such] requital except to such as are ungrateful rejecters. (Qur’an, 34:15-17)

In the Qur’an, the punishment sent to the Sabaean people is named as “Sayl al-Arim” which means the “flood of Arim.” This expression used in the Qur’an also tells us the manner in which this disaster occurred. The word “Arim” means dam or barrier. The expression “Sayl al-Arim” describes a flood that came about with the collapse of this barrier. Islamic commentators have resolved the issue of time and place being guided by the terms used in the Qur’an about the flood of Arim. For example, Mawdudi writes in his commentary:

As also used in the expression, Sayl al-Arim, the word “arim” is derived from the word “arimen” used in the Southern Arabic dialect, which means “dam, barrier.” In the ruins unearthed in the excavations made in Yemen, this word was seen to be frequently used in this meaning. For example, in the inscriptions which was ordered by Yemen’s Habesh monarch, Ebrehe (Abraha), after the restoration of the big Ma’rib wall in 542 and 543 AD, this word was used to mean dam (barrier) time and again. So, the expression of Sayl al- Arim means “a flood disaster which occurs after the destruction of a dam.”

We converted their two garden [rows] into gardens producing bitter fruit, and tamarisks, and some few [stunted] Lote-trees (Qur’an, 34:16).

That is, after the collapse of the dam-wall, all the country was inundated by the flood. The canals that had been dug by the Sabaean people, and the wall that had been constructed by building barriers between the mountains, were destroyed and the irrigation system fell apart. As a result, the territory, which was like a garden before, turned into a jungle. There was no fruit left but the cherry-like fruit of little stumpy trees.234

The Christian archaeologist Werner Keller, writer of “Und Die Bible Hat Doch Recht” (The Holy Book Was Right), accepted that the flood of Arim occurred according to the description of the Qur’an and wrote that the existence of such a dam and the destruction of the whole country by its collapse proves that the example given in the Qur’an about the people of the garden was indeed realised.235

After the disaster of the Arim flood, the region started to turn into a desert and the Sabaean people lost their most important source of income. Their lands, which had been agricultural havens of prosperity and financial strength, disappeared. The people, who had not heeded the call of Allah to believe in Him and to be grateful to Him, were in the end punished with this disaster.

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The mentioning of the old Egyptian rulers in the Glorious Quran and the difference between the word “king” and “pharos” in it. May 9, 2008

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In the Quran, the old rulers of Egypt have been mentioned and the Glorious Quran makes difference between them. When it narrates about Egypt rulers at the age of Moses, peace upon him; they are not called with any name other than the word” pharos”. This is in more than sixty Ayah(verse) like the following Ayah:


And(remember) when we did deliver you from pharaoh’s folk, who were afflicting you with dreadful torment slaying your sons and sparing your women: that was a tremendous trial  from your Lord. (Al-Baqarah)


between them. But when it narrates about Egypt rulers at the age of Joseph, peace upon him; they are not called with any name other than the word “king”.

Allah says:


And the king said: I saw in a dream, seven fat kine which seven lean were eating, and seven green ears of corn and seven dry. (Surat Joseph).

And Allah says:


((And the king said: Bring him unto me. And when the messenger came unto him, he (Joseph) said: Return unto thy lord and ask him what was the case of the women cut their hands. My Lord knoweth thee guile

The mentioning of the old rulers of Egypt in the Torah)).

In Torah, there is no difference between the rulers of Egypt at the age of the prophet Moses and the rulers at the age of the prophet Joseph, they are called pharaoh without any difference between them.


((In Torah (Exodus) chapter 9(13). And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

 For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth.))

But when it (Torah) narrates about the ruler of Egypt At the age of Joseph in the Genesis(chapter 41):

 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants.

A portrait of the clause of the pharaoh, the ruler of Egypt

38: And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?
39: And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art:
40: Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled.


 The ancient Egyptian civilization.

The ancient Egyptian civilization was still unknown. No one knew any thin about it except some obvious monuments most of which have plunged into the sand of the desert in Giza,  Aswan and Luxor. So had been the case until Gan Franso Shmbelion, a French scientist broke the symbols of the ancient Egyptian language using Rosetta stone which was discovered during the French campaign on Egypt. A text in two language and three writings has been carved out of it: the ancient Egyptian one and it was written in Hieroglyph which means the sacred writing because it was specialized for writing inside the temples,Dimutiqi which means the popular writing and the Greek language . Through comparing between them , he succeeded to break the codes of the Hieroglyphic language . That discovery led to other monumental discoveries and recognizing  the life of Pharaohs and ancient Egyptian.


The word of Pharaohs.

The word Pharaohs means The Great House in the old Egyptian language which had been used after that as a title for Egyptian rulers . That title was not discovered until from the beginning of the eighteenth dynasty i.e. (1539Bc) on. That means that all that period preceded that date , the title of the Egyptian rulers was The King  and there is no disagreement about that even at the time of Hyksos occupation of Egypt (whose name means the king of the sponsors in the old Egyptian language) from 1648 to 1540 BC or before that period.

 Joseph, peace be upon him traveling to Egypt.

It is agreeable that Joseph going to Egypt and his reign had been before the mission of Moses, peace be upon him. This is because Allah says narrating what was said by a believer one of Pharaoh’s folk: And verily Joseph brought you of 


brought you of old clear proofs, yet ye ceased not to be in doubt concerning what be brought you till, when he died, he said : Allah will not send any messenger after him. Thus Allah deceiveth him who is a prodigal, a doubter.(Surat Ghafir).

The Egyptian said that Allah would not send a messenger because the long period after him in when Allah did not send a messenger in contrast to the prophets of the children of Israel who were sent by Allah throughout short periods of time. Since Moses mission was at the age of the Pharaoh of Egypt (Ramsees the second) as it was clear in a previous research, thus undoubtedly; Joseph was in Egypt before the age of the eighteenth dynasty i.e. the period in which the Egyptian rulers were called kings regardless of  being Egyptians or they were Hyksos , as all people called them kings.


A portrait of a block of stone discovered in the area of Shatea  el-Gazira in upper Egypt handling a starvation happened at the age of  the king Zoser of the third dynasty and lasted for seven years.


The stone of Gazirat el- Shatea .

A stone dating back to the third dynasty and exactly to the age of king Zoser was discovered. The following text was carved out of it :  ( king Zoser  asked the gods to end the starvation that struck Egypt and lasted for seven years etc…). I believe that Joseph ruled Egypt at the age of king Zoser , at the time of the third dynasty because it was credited that this starvation lasted for seven years . It was also hinted that the ruler of Egypt was the king not the Pharaoh and this is in accordance with the glorious Quran.

The Quran miracle about The Unknown.



The Quran makes different between two important ages in the history of Egypt which are the age of the pre-Pharaohs i.e. before the eighteenth dynasty who called their rulers the kings and the age of the post-Pharaohs who called their rulers the Pharaohs and this started from the eighteenth dynasty. That is in contrast to the Torah that has not made difference between the two ages and the two titles: in Torah, Pharaoh is a title for the rulers of Egypt whether at the time of the prophet Joseph or at the time of the prophet Moses and this contradicts the modern science.



By Feras Nour Alhak





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Story of Zachariah May 7, 2008

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Zachariah was very old when God made him His messenger. His wife, who had borne him no children, had also reached an advanced age, and it was no longer possible for her to have a child.

One day, while praying in the Ka’aba, Zachariah beseeched the Lord: ‘Please hear my prayer, My Lord! Grant me an offspring. I am a feeble old man. My hair has become snow-white. My wife is forlorn without a child. Both of us yearn for an heir. I am afraid my kinfolk will harm the cause I have served all my life if I die without an heir.’

When Zachariah finished his supplication, angels descended from above and told him: ‘O Zachariah! god has granted your prayer. You will soon be blessed with a son. He will be called John [Yahya]; he will be a prince among men, chaste and virtuous, and he will be a messenger of God.’

Zachariah himself before God and thanked Him for granting a son to an old man and his barren wife. He declared, ‘God does what He wills and so it shall be.’ Zachariah then asked the Lord: ‘What should I do now?’ ‘Do not speak to anyone for three days,’ the voice replied. ‘Convey whatever you have to only by gestures.’

Zachariah followed the instructions faithfully and waited for the happy event. As ordained by God, a lovely son was born to his wife. Zachariah and his wife doted on John. He brought great happiness to his aged parents. When he was still a child, God blessed him with the Book and asked him to hold it ‘with all your strength’.

John grew up to be straightforward, humble and gentle-mannered. He was loving, caring and compassionate to all creatures; he was especially kind to animals. The Koran refers to him fondly: God’s blessings were upon him from the day John was born to the day he passed away and his blessings will be upon him, the day he is raised again. [19:15]

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story of Hud April 29, 2008

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To the industrious and hardworking people belonging to the tribe of Aad, God sent Hud as His messenger. He told them:

O my people, worship God. There is no one other than Him. The other notions you have are all false. He is the only true God. I ask you to worship Him, I ask nothing for myself. My reward is with Him who has fashioned me. Will you not understand this? Seek His forgiveness and remember His bounties, and do not revert to your evil ways. [11:50-52]

The elders of the tribes rebuked Hud:  We think you are a simpleton. Nay, worse, a liar. [7:66]

Hud assured them:  I am not a simpleton; I am God’s apostle. I bring His message to you, hence, heed the warning I give, for you are Noah’s people. If you have God’s blessings, everything will go well with you. [7:67-69]

But they persisted in their unbelief and told Hud:  You have brought us no clear Signs save what you are telling us. How can we abandon our gods? It seems some of our gods have smitten you with evil so that you go on the wrong path. [11:53-54]

Hud answered them:  I swear by my Lord that I am not guilty of your charge. I believe only in my Lord; To me no one else matters and none can delude me and make me go against Him. Nothing moves without His will; His path alone is the right path. If you do not respond to my call and turn away from the Lord, the loss will be yours, not His. In your place He will bring others, for He has control over all things, He watches over all that happens. [11:54-57]

Hud reminded the elders of the tribe of how God gave them tenure of the land upon which they built their castles and homes. They had forgotten all His bounties and resorted to corrupt dealings and evil ways. Eventually, they had to pay the price of their unbelief: they were overwhelmed by a raging tempest. The fury lasted for seven nights and eight days; the people of Aad perished and their castles and dwellings became like  ‘stumps of hollow palmtrees

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6-Scientists’ Comments on the Scientific Miracles in the Holy Quran April 28, 2008

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Dr. Yoshihide Kozai is Professor Emeritus at Tokyo University, Hongo, Tokyo, Japan, and was the Director of the National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan.  He said:

“I am very much impressed by finding true astronomical facts in [the] Quran, and for us the modern astronomers have been studying very small pieces of the universe.  We’ve concentrated our efforts for understanding of [a] very small part.  Because by using telescopes, we can see only very few parts [of] the sky without thinking [about the] whole universe.  So, by reading [the] Quran and by answering to the questions, I think I can find my future way for investigation of the universe.”
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Story of David April 28, 2008

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David was a shepherd whom God chose to be not only His messenger but also the King of His people. This came about in a strange way.

After Moses passed away the chiefs of the Israelites approached the aged Prophet Samuel and asked him to appoint a king who would lead them in their fight for the cause of their Lord. Samuel told them he was not convinced they would want to fight Goliath, the powerful enemy.  ‘How can we not fight him,’ they replied, ‘when he has driven our people out of their homes and separated parents from their children?’

Samuel, under God’s command, appointed Saul as king. The chiefs were not happy with the appointment, but Samuel said that Saul would get them back the Ark which contained the sacred relics of the house of Moses and Aaron and fragments from the divine tablets given to Moses. The chiefs were satisfied and joined the army of Saul.

Saul warned his army that God had commanded them not to drink the water of the river when they halted by it; one could at best take a sip of it. But despite the warning, most of them drank to their fill to quench their thirst. With their bellies full and bloated, they were unable to fight Goliath and his army.

Saul was left with just a few believers who decided to put up a fight against Goliath. David, then a young man with hardly any experience in fighting, was one of those who stood by Saul. He challenged Goliath, who laughed at his audacity. But in the encounter, David slayed Goliath and his men were routed. As a reward for his bravery, David was made King of the Israelites.

David’s rule was just and good; the mountains praised him at sunrise and sunset and the birds sang his praises while in flight. His Kingdom prospered and became strong because of his wisdom and vision. He was given Zabur, or the Psalms, and he was in particular charged by God to keep the scales of justice even. As the Koran says:

O David! God made you a vicegerent on earth so that you may judge properly between men and men and not be misled by lust within your heart. Remember, those who stray from the right path will suffer grievous penalty when accounts are taken. [38:26]

Two intruders broke into David’s private sanctuary one day, climbing the high walls surrounding it. He eas taken aback, but before he could apprehend them, they pleaded with him, for they had come to him, they said, only to get justice. A quarrel had taken place between the two brothers and one had injured the other. They wanted David to decide who was at fault. One of the brothers had ninety-nine ewes, and the other had only one. The former demanded that the latter hand over his ewe; when his brother refused, he overpowered and assaulted him.

David told the injured one that he had been wronged, but life is like that: the strong always oppressed the weak. The oppressors were no doubt in the wrong, and they would be punished by God. He explained that only believers were on the right path, for they feared the wrath of God and thus acted justly.

On another occasion, a herd of sheep belonging to one person had wandered at night into somebody else’s field and eaten up the crops. The owner of the field approached David for justice: David’s son, Solomon, was with him at the time. David decreed that, as compensation, the owner of the sheep must hand over the sheep to the person who had lost his crops.

Solomon disagreed with his father; he said the compensation was not fair. For the loss of just one year’s crops, it would not be just for the whole herd of sheep to be handed over. The owner should get back the sheep as soon as the owner of the field had recovered the loss of his harvest. David upheld Solomon’s view, because it was, as the Koran points out, based on  ‘fuller understanding of the matter

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